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Gradually worsens Back pain that continues for several weeks or months Synonyms Lower back pain, lumbago
The lumbar spine (lower back) consists of five vertebrae in the lower part of the spine between the ribs and the pelvis. The bones (vertebrae) that form the spine in the back are cushioned by small discs. These discs are round and flat, with a tough, outer layer (annulus) that surrounds a jellylike material called the nucleus. Located between each of the vertebra in the spinal column, discs act as shock absorbers for the spinal bones. Thick ligaments attached to the vertebrae hold the pulpy disc material in place. Of the 31 pairs of spinal nerves and roots, five lumbar (L1-L5) and five sacral (S1-S5) nerve pairs connect beginning in the area of the lower back.
Jeans To some people, not knowing the exact cause of the pain is unsettling. However, looked at another way, many people find it reassuring to know that the diagnosis is nonspecific back pain which means there is no serious problem or disease of the back or spine.
Girl Rooms Outdoor Rugs & Drapery A ruptured or herniated disk can cause low back pain. A disk has a tough covering and a soft, jelly-like interior. If a disk is suddenly squeezed by the vertebrae above and below it (as when lifting a heavy object), the covering may tear (rupture), causing pain. The interior of the disk can squeeze through the tear in the covering, so that part of the interior bulges out (herniates). This bulge can compress, irritate, and even damage the spinal nerve root next to it, causing more pain. A ruptured or herniated disk that affects nerves commonly causes sciatica. Imaging studies such as MRI may show that disks bulge, including in people who have no symptoms; this bulging usually causes no symptoms or problems.
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^ Jump up to: a b c Guild DG (September 2012). “Mechanical therapy for low back pain”. Prim. Care. 39 (3): 511–6. doi:10.1016/j.pop.2012.06.006. PMID 22958560.
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Tuscany Eggplant ^ Jump up to: a b c Guild DG (September 2012). “Mechanical therapy for low back pain”. Prim. Care. 39 (3): 511–6. doi:10.1016/j.pop.2012.06.006. PMID 22958560.
Power tools First Trimester This article is for informational purposes only, and is not meant to offer medical advice.
Family & Calendar Learn More Bedroom Furniture Sports Team Tops Dean Drobot/ShutterstockWhen it comes to back pain, there’s a lot of confusion and a lot of suffering. “Low-back pain is now the biggest global cause of disability,” says professor Martin Underwood of the University of Warwick in the UK, one of the authors of a new series of papers on low-back pain published in the medical journal The Lancet. Currently, more than 540 million people worldwide are suffering, he points out. According to the new findings—put together by an international team of doctors and researchers, many doctors are treating the problem wrong. “Public beliefs, healthcare practices, and workplace policies have increasingly led to the widespread but mostly unhelpful idea that back pain is a medical problem that necessitates stopping usual activities,” Dr. Underwood says. The opposite is true—here’s what you do and don’t need for your back.
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No longer available Skeletal irregularities include scoliosis, a curvature of the spine that does not usually cause pain until middle age; lordosis, an abnormally accentuated arch in the lower back; and other congenital anomalies of the spine.
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Acupuncture is moderately effective for chronic low back pain. It involves the insertion of thin needles into precise points throughout the body. Some practitioners believe this process helps clear away blockages in the body’s life force known as Qi (pronounced chee). Others who may not believe in the concept of Qi theorize that when the needles are inserted and then stimulated (by twisting or passing a low-voltage electrical current through them) naturally occurring painkilling chemicals such as endorphins, serotonin, and acetylcholine are released. Evidence of acupuncture’s benefit for acute low back pain is conflicting and clinical studies continue to investigate its benefits.
20 / 24 Large ^ Jump up to: a b Sahar T, Cohen MJ, Uval-Ne’eman V, et al. (April 2009). “Insoles for prevention and treatment of back pain: a systematic review within the framework of the Cochrane Collaboration Back Review Group”. Spine. 34 (9): 924–33. doi:10.1097/BRS.0b013e31819f29be. PMID 19359999.
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Give & Get Sciatica pain radiates from the lower back toward the feet. Sciatica may feel like a cramp in the leg, burning, tingling, pins and needles, or numbness. Learn about sciatica causes, exercises, treatment and pain relief.
The two sciatic nerves are the widest and longest nerves in the body. They are made up of several nerve roots that come out of the spinal cord in the low back. Each is almost as wide as a finger. On each side of the body, the sciatic nerve runs from the lower spine, behind the hip joint, down the buttock and back of the knee. There the sciatic nerve divides into several branches and continues to the foot. When the sciatic nerve or the nerve roots that make up the sciatic nerve are pinched, inflamed, or damaged, pain—sciatica—may radiate along the length of the sciatic nerve to the foot. Sciatica occurs in about 5% of people who have back pain.
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